He personally felt that the Kawanishi N1K2-J Shiden-Kai (Allied code name, "George") was equal to the American F6F Hellcat and F4U Corsair. Genda Minoru (源田実, Hirosima, 1904. augusztus 16. ; New to Wikipedia? Admiral Takijiro Onishi gathered together all the relevant facts that could be found about the area. Scampato al disastro, Genda venne successivamente assegnato allo stato maggiore della marina a Tokyo come responsabile tecnico dell'aviazione navale; ma negli ultimi periodi della guerra ritornò di nuovo in operazione assumendo il comando del nuovo gruppo da caccia d'élite organizzato per cercare di contrastare la schiacciante superiorità aerea americana. Genda emphasized to Yamamoto that "secrecy is the keynote and surprise the all-important factor. Fu Genda in persona che venne incaricato da Yamamoto, nel febbraio 1941, di studiare a fondo il problema e di proporre un piano dettagliato di fattibilità; ne sarebbe scaturito il famoso piano in dieci punti che sottolineava la difficoltà e i pericoli della missione ma enfatizzava anche i criteri di sorpresa e di audacia che avrebbero potuto rendere possibile l'impresa. An air power advocate from the time he attended the Japanese Naval Academy, Genda urged Japan's pre-war military leaders to stop building battleships (which he believed would be better used as "piers" or scrap iron) and concentrate on aircraft carriers, submarines, and supporting fast cruisers and destroyers. Admiral Takijiro Onishi gathered together all the relevant facts that could be found about the area. Once this was done, the attack plan itself was written primarily by Rear Admiral Ryunosuke Kusaka with assistance from Captain Genda and Deputy Chief of Staff, Captain Kameto Kuroshima. Inizialmente l'ammiraglio Yamamoto, principale fautore dell'attacco a sorpresa contro Pearl Harbor, ipotizzò perfino una missione quasi suicida di sola andata con ammaraggio finale degli aerei superstiti giapponesi, dopo l'effettuazione del bombardamento, allo scopo di salvaguardare le portaerei, tenendole ben lontano dal raggio d'azione delle forze aeree americane. He died on August 15, 1989 in Tokyo, Japan. Genda and Yamamoto were very disappointed that the three U.S. carriers were not at Pearl Harbor (the first time on a Sunday in 1941 that they were not). Minoru Genda è disponibile in altre 21 lingue. General Minoru Genda, who planned the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, died of heart disease in a Tokyo hospital Tuesday on the 44th anniversary of the end of the World War II. Genda believed that even late in the war Japanese pilots were capable of fighting experienced American pilots on equal terms if properly trained and supplied with state-of-the-art aircraft. However, he ultimately believed that Japanese defeat could be attributed to the continuous aerial defeats they suffered: "[…] our battles were being lost because of defeats at sea. I won’t claim that Minoru Genda was the sole reason that we never got the Reppu, but the fact that he was somehow connected to the Kawanishi leadership is indisputable.” As far as I know, Saburo Sakai expressed himself far more strongly towards Minoru Genda in a range of interviews. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the actual city of Hiroshima. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). He organized an elite Japanese air unit (the 343rd Kōkūtai) near the war's end as an alternative to the suicidal kamikaze units. Egli è meglio conosciuto per aver contribuito a pianificare l' attacco di Pearl Harbor.E 'stato anche il terzo capo di stato maggiore della Air Self-Defense Force Giappone.  In the four months after the attack, the Imperial Japanese carrier units ranged across the Pacific and Indian oceans causing major damage to Allied forces and bases. He remained influential in politics for more than 20 years, as a leading member of the Defense Division of the LDP's Policy Affairs Research Council, often representing the hardline nationalist position advocating abrogation or curtailment of Article 9 of the postwar Japanese Constitution and open remilitarization of the armed forces. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Minoru Genda article. He was the first of several former SDF officers who entered politics under the auspices of the Sato Faction, mostly at the far right end of the Japanese political spectrum. I have been trying without success to track the title of his autobiography on the Internet. Posts about Captain Minoru Genda written by belfastchildis. He was married and had three children. His official trip was in accord with British-Japanese naval accords authorizing official military attaché visits to the war front to observe and document military operations. Category:Minoru Genda. Click here to start a new topic. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minoru_Genda&oldid=989314998, Military personnel from Hiroshima Prefecture, Japanese military personnel of World War II, Members of the House of Councillors (Japan), Recipients of the Order of the Sacred Treasure, 2nd class, Recipients of the Order of the Rising Sun, 2nd class, Liberal Democratic Party (Japan) politicians, Chiefs of Staff of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Prange, Gordon William; Donald M. Goldstein, Katherine V. Dillon. After retiring from active service in the army, Genda joined politics. Minoru Genda (源田 実, Genda Minoru, 16 August 1904 – 15 August 1989) was a well-known Japanese military aviator and politician. Fu fortemente contrario alla firma da parte del Giappone del Trattato di non proliferazione nucleare. MINORU GENDA (1904 - 1989) Japanese military aviator and politician, best known for his careful and intricate planning of the Pearl Harbor attack. Minoru Genda, then chief of staff of the Imperial Japanese Navy, was a classmate of Fuchida at the Naval Academy and directed the air operations in the early stages of the attacks. He later organiozed and flew in a hard-fighting Japanese fighter unit. He is best known for helping to plan the attack on Pearl Harbor. Recensito in Italia il 28 aprile 2016. Dopo il clamoroso successo, Genda, promosso capitano di fregata, guadagnò grande fama e notevole prestigio negli ambienti della Marina e mantenne il ruolo di principale aiutante per le operazioni aeronavali dell'ammiraglio Nagumo, partecipando alle successive crociere vittoriose dell'apparentemente imbattibile Kido Butai (1ª Flotta aerea). However, Genda's rank—captain—was too low to be of much strategic influence. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. In particolare osservò le qualità del Messerschmitt Bf 109 e del Supermarine Spitfire, traendone la convinzione della superiorità in agilità e in manovra dei nuovi caccia giapponesi Mitsubishi A6M Zero, che stavano entrando in servizio nelle forze aeree della Marina imperiale. In questo modo confuse ancor più il già indeciso ammiraglio e complicò enormemente le operazioni aeree sulle portaerei esponendole all'efficace attacco degli aerei americani che avrebbe causato l'affondamento di tutte e quattro le navi giapponesi. Nel 1962 Genda si ritirò definitivamente dal servizio militare, ma intraprese una nuova brillante carriera politica all'interno del Partito Liberal-Democratico giapponese, patrocinando posizioni di estrema destra, a favore del riarmo giapponese e anche di un possibile programma nucleare. Minoru Genda was born on August 16, 1904 in Hiroshima, Japan. He was also the third Chief of Staff of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. Join Facebook to connect with Minoru Genda and others you may know. Egy farmer második fia volt. Minoru Genda 源田実 Genda Minoru (Hiroshima, 16 agosto 1904 – Matsuyama, 15 agosto 1989) è stato un aviatore giapponese. The carefully recorded details were secretly documented during his brief tour in London and were hand-carried by Genda during his return trip to Japan for naval department studies. Known as "Genda's Flying Circus", the team, consisting of Genda, Yoshita Kobayashi and Motoharu Okamura, using Nakajima A2N Type 90 fighters, was part of a public relations campaign to promote naval aviation. Genda evidenziò in particolare la necessità assoluta di sferrare un attacco di sorpresa; di impiegare tutte e sei le portaerei pesanti giapponesi, di utilizzare un gran numero dei nuovi aerosiluranti (studiando insieme a Fuchida nuove tattiche di impiego nei bassi fondali, sfruttando anche l'esperienza inglese di Taranto); di coordinare accuratamente le operazioni delle portaerei; di concentrarsi sulla distruzione delle preziose portaerei americane a differenza della pianificazione iniziale che assegnava maggiore importanza alla distruzione delle corazzate nemiche. $10.60. Above all, Genda thought that modern and large naval air fleet would be necessary for survival if Japan was ever to fight a war with the United States and the United Kingdom as well as their allies. , Genda was assigned to the aircraft carrier Akagi in 1931. Ask questions, get answers. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Lingue. Dopo quella decisiva sconfitta, Genda continuò a battersi a favore dell'impiego delle portaerei e costituì anche, nella parte finale della guerra, uno squadrone di caccia d'élite con i piloti migliori, con cui si batté in difesa dei cieli della madrepatria. Genda documented his World War II experiences in a revealing autobiography, published in Japan. He spent 30,000 flight hours during the war. He was a noted naval aviator and fighter pilot with over 3,000 flight hours. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the actual city of Hiroshima. Two brothers were graduates of Tokyo University, another brother graduated from Chiba Medical College, and his youngest brother entered the Army Academy.  Genda was responsible for much of the training, especially in the new tactics of shallow-water torpedo use, effective use of level-bombing by tactical aircraft, and coordinating several aircraft carriers simultaneously. Genda, contrario a una simile missione di sacrificio, promosse invece con forza l'assoluta necessità dell'attacco per controbilanciare immediatamente la superiorità numerica e industriale americana, ma anche la sua praticabilità, pur salvaguardando la sicurezza della flotta giapponese. Minoru Genda 源田実 Genda Minoru (Hiroshima, 16 agosto 1904 – Matsuyama, 15 agosto 1989) è stato un aviatore giapponese. ... Minoru Genda. Read more about this topic: Minoru Genda. He also entered politics, and was elected to the House of Councillors. Nell'estate 1940 Minoru Genda, ora capitano di corvetta, ebbe anche la grande fortuna di essere inviato a Londra come addetto navale dell'ambasciata giapponese, nel pieno della Battaglia d'Inghilterra; ebbe quindi modo di valutare e osservare l'equipaggiamento, le tattiche e l'efficienza della RAF e della Luftwaffe. His assessment of enemy aircraft was very accurate. And it’s no wonder. Torna a Minoru Genda. Genda graduated from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academyin 1924 and then took flight training for 11 months in 1928–1929, graduating with honors to become a fighter pilot. Copertina flessibile. " Genda felt that the task was "difficult, but not impossible" and began working on the details of the plan. Genda credeva nella possibilità di costituire nuovi reparti aerei efficienti dotati di caccia competitivi, di tattiche moderne (sviluppando le manovre in formazione, e la conoscenza delle tattiche avversarie) e di piloti addestrati in grado di affrontare con successo l'avversario e di contendere il dominio dell'aria, senza ridursi alle sole missioni suicide Kamikaze. He was well known in the navy, and in 1932 Genda formed a demonstration team at Yokosuka, leading a division of biplanes around the country, conducting aerobatic demonstrations. Genda documented his World War II experiences in a revealing autobiography, published in Japan. japán katona, a Pearl Harbor-i támadás tervezője.. Genda Minoru 1904-ben született Hiroshimában egy ősi családban. Minoru Genda ( 源田実 Genda Minoru, 16 agosto 1904 - 15 Agosto 1989), è stato un noto giapponese aviatore militare e politico. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1924 and became a fighter pilot. Minoru Genda è morto il 15 agosto 1989, esattamente lo stesso giorno dell'annuncio della resa giapponese nel 1945 e un giorno prima del suo 85º compleanno. Tuttavia le portaerei americane non vennero colpite (non essendo in quel momento a Pearl Harbor) e i tentativi di Genda di convincere Nagumo della necessità di sferrare un terzo attacco su Pearl Harbor (per completare le distruzioni nella base e ricercare quelle fondamentali navi nemiche) non ebbero successo di fronte alla prudenza forse eccessiva dell'ammiraglio. Genda warmed to his ideas. Genda favored a three wave attack using six aircraft carriers for a successful air strike. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the city of Hiroshima.Two brothers were graduates of Tokyo University, another brother graduated from Chiba Medical College, and his youngest brother entered the Army Academy.Genda graduated from the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy in 1924 and took flight training for 11 months in 1928–1929, graduating … Nonostante alcuni successi, la situazione reale e i rapporti di forza non permettevano facili illusioni; le perdite del 343° Kokutai furono pesanti e i risultati ottenuti (pur significativi) non poterono certo modificare l'andamento della guerra aerea nel Pacifico. Sembra che le prime idee e i primi studi su un possibile attacco di sorpresa contro la base americana di Pearl Harbor risalgano addirittura al 1934, e Genda venne coinvolto subito nelle analisi preliminari di fattibilità di una simile, audace operazione; in particolare durante alcuni colloqui con l'ammiraglio Onishi. See full bio » This unit had some success against American aircraft and fought with distinction. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the actual city of Hiroshima. The Last Manchu: The Autobiography of Henry Pu Yi, Last Emperor of China Henry Pu Yi. He entered the Naval Academy in 1921 where he met and befriended classmate Minoru Genda and discovered the love of flying airplanes. Famous quotes containing the words pearl harbor, war, pearl, harbor and/or world: Accanto a Genda, massimi propugnatori di queste tesi apparentemente temerarie e rivoluzionarie, furono gli ammiragli Onishi, Inouye e Katagiri, il collega e amico Mitsuo Fuchida e naturalmente il futuro comandante in capo della Flotta combinata, ammiraglio Isoroku Yamamoto, che aveva cominciato a conoscere e apprezzare Genda fin dal 1933 mentre questi serviva a bordo della portaerei leggera Ryujo. Minoru Genda Zodiac Sign is Leo , Ethnicity Asian & religion Not Available. Nelle nuove Forze di Auto-Difesa giapponesi e in politica, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Minoru_Genda&oldid=113154164, Assi dell'aviazione giapponese della seconda guerra mondiale, Contestualizzare fonti - seconda guerra mondiale, Voci con campo Ref vuoto nel template Infobox militare, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. Early life . Conventional American and Japanese naval doctrine, reflecting the Mahan theory, held that battleships were the instrumental tool of naval supremacy, so it was believed that the destruction of several of these ships would shift the balance of naval power in Japan's favor.  Genda had previously considered an attack on Pearl Harbor in 1934 and had discussed the possibility then with Takijirō Onishi. Minoru Genda was the second son of a farmer from Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, north of the city of Hiroshima. In his scheme, returning aircraft would ditch in the ocean off Oahu and the pilots would be picked up by destroyers and submarines. Genda's Western European trip provided added stimulus for Japanese strategic naval studies and exercises to discover weaknesses and formulate tactics that were later used against the U.S. On his return to Japan, he was assigned to the First Carrier Division and met with Yamamoto in early February 1941, during which time Yamamoto presented some ideas for attacking the U.S. Pacific Fleet. Tipico rappresentante della casta militare giapponese, nazionalista e conservatore, Genda fu senza dubbio dotato di grande intelligenza e di acutezza di ingegno; abile pilota e profondo conoscitore della tecnica aeronautica e della strategia aerea (in particolare delle operazioni aeronavali), grazie anche al suo coraggioso e lungimirante impegno (in collaborazione con il suo collega e amico Mitsuo Fuchida) a favore del potere aereo e dell'impiego delle portaerei, il Giappone poté ottenere alcuni straordinari e insperati successi e guadagnare per breve tempo una chiara superiorità operativa sul potente nemico. The main Japanese fleet suffered no ship losses and 29 aircraft lost (9 in the first wave and 20 in the second), losses that the Japanese considered acceptable. We were losing the air war because we had failed to secure air superiority with our fighters. Dopo il completamento degli studi, Genda (prima guardiamarina e poi tenente di vascello) venne assegnato a numerosi incarichi operativi o di stato maggiore e divenne noto in Giappone fin dagli anni trenta guidando una squadriglia di biplani della marina nel famoso Yokosuka Kokutai (il primo gruppo aereo da caccia della Marina giapponese), impegnati anche in manifestazioni aeree e in dimostrazioni acrobatiche in tutto il paese per propagandare e promuovere le nuove forze aeree; il reparto, costituito insieme al tenente Kobayashi, divenne presto noto come il "circo volante di Genda". Questa voce rientra tra gli argomenti trattati dai progetti tematici sottoindicati. Discussione:Minoru Genda. Early life. After the war, he served as House of Councillors of Japan from 1962 to 1986. Later, he also wrote an autobiography detailing his war experiences. The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor resulted in the US declaring war on Japan, with 18 American warships sunk or damaged and over 180 American aircraft destroyed. Genda died on 15 August 1989, exactly 44 years to the day after the Japanese surrender in World War II, and just one day short of his 85th birthday. He gained combat experience with the Second Combined Air Group during the Second Sino-Japanese War from the autumn of 1937, was senior flight instructor for the Yokosuka Air Group in 1938.. More Buying Choices $55.15 (5 Used & New offers) パールハーバー―運命の日 日米開戦の真実 (幻冬舎文庫) Paperback Bunko. Minoru Genda is a Japanese famous celebrity, who was born on 16 August, 1904 in Kake, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Usually ships within 6 to 10 days. 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